Statistical Summary – Aviation Occurrences 2015 – Data tables

This document is a summary of selected 2015 aviation safety data.

The TSB gathers and uses this data during the course of its investigations to analyse safety deficiencies and identify risks in the Canadian transportation system.

The 2015 data were collected according to the reporting requirements described in the TSB Regulations in force during that calendar year.

The statistics presented here reflect the TSB database at 17 February 2016. Since the occurrence data are constantly being updated in the live database, the statistics may change slightly over time.

Because many occurrences are not formally investigated, information recorded on some occurrences may not have been verified. Consequently, be cautious in using these statistics.

The following series of data tables are associated with the Statistical Summary – Aviation Occurrences 2015.


Table 1. Reportable aviation occurrences, 2006-2015
  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Accidents 303 323 294 297 288 257 291 276 249 251
Accidents in Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 278 300 274 271 273 240 267 262 238 233
Accidents outside Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 11 13 7 11 1 7 8 4 4 9
Accidents in Canada involving foreign-registered aircraft 14 10 15 15 14 10 17 10 7 9
Accidents by operator type 303 323 294 297 288 257 291 276 249 251
Commercial 105 99 95 74 86 77 74 67 65 74
Airliner (705) 7 4 6 2 6 6 5 7 4 8
Commuter (704) 4 4 5 6 7 6 5 3 2 3
Air taxi (703) 63 53 63 43 44 37 33 32 34 24
Aerial work (702) 30 34 19 20 28 27 26 21 17 18
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 1 5 3 3 1 1 6 4 9 21
State 4 2 5 4 5 2 4 6 4 1
Corporate 3 10 4 6 2 7 6 6 4 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 191 212 191 215 195 172 207 198 177 177
Accidents by aircraft type 303 323 294 297 288 257 291 276 249 251
Aeroplane 216 243 208 223 220 201 205 212 176 196
Helicopter 56 46 44 33 31 36 41 27 34 34
Ultralight 28 30 29 35 30 17 36 24 32 17
Other aircraft type (c) 4 5 13 7 7 3 9 14 8 7
Number of aircraft involved in accidents* 311 327 300 303 290 261 296 280 253 259
Aeroplanes 223 245 214 228 222 204 209 215 179 201
Helicopters 56 47 44 33 31 36 42 27 34 34
Ultralights 28 30 29 35 30 17 36 24 32 17
Other aircraft type (c) 4 5 13 7 7 4 9 14 8 7
Fatal accidents by aircraft type 34 38 38 34 37 35 42 38 14 29
Aeroplane 24 25 16 21 29 23 25 25 12 20
Helicopter 9 6 9 8 3 8 7 6 0 5
Ultralight 1 5 12 4 3 3 8 4 2 4
Other aircraft type (c) 0 2 1 1 2 1 2 4 0 0
Fatalities 55 56 64 71 72 66 63 65 21 47
Serious injuries 53 65 51 45 36 49 48 22 36 31
Accidents in Canada involving foreign-registered aircraft 14 10 15 15 14 10 17 10 7 9
Fatal accidents 2 0 0 2 2 2 1 2 2 3
Fatalities 2 0 0 2 2 2 1 2 4 4
Serious injuries 1 2 5 3 1 1 4 0 1 0
Occurrences with a dangerous good release 2 4 1 3 1 0 1 4 4 6
Incidents (d) 807 874 887 790 813 677 636 686 739 789
Incidents in Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 580 622 650 591 582 521 481 540 596 649
Incidents outside Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 78 69 78 67 82 55 49 39 58 62
Incidents in Canada involving foreign-registered aircraft 188 224 195 155 188 127 129 126 100 106
Incidents by type (d) 807 874 887 790 813 677 636 686 739 789
Risk of collision/Loss of separation 168 168 172 153 206 120 101 115 94 111
Declared emergency 260 298 314 313 310 275 260 291 313 334
Engine failure 130 129 120 107 87 95 90 83 104 108
Smoke/Fire 102 123 107 97 80 88 71 67 88 87
Collision 21 13 8 9 4 7 5 15 16 8
Other incident type 126 143 166 111 126 92 109 115 124 141
Data extracted March 23, 2016
Accidents and reportable incidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.
Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Accidents by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, the occurrence is counted in each category, but only once in the total.
* "Number of aircraft involved in accidents" are aircraft counts, all other data are accident counts.
a. The commercial service type is not available for foreign-registered aircraft.
b. Other operator type contains, but is not limited to, organizations that rent aircraft (i.e., flying schools, flying clubs, etc.).
c. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and similar aircraft types.
d. New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under new reporting requirements aviation incidents include: a) aircraft having a maximum certificated take-off weight greater than 2 250 kg (formerly 5700 kg); b) aircraft being operated under an air operator certificate issued under CARS Part VII.
Table 2. Occurrences involving Canadian-registered aircraft 2006-2015
  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Accidents by aircraft and operator type (a) 262 284 252 249 244 230 239 243 212 227
Aeroplane accidents 202 234 197 210 209 192 191 204 170 189
Commercial 54 59 63 54 57 49 45 42 39 50
Airliner (705) 7 4 6 2 6 5 5 7 4 8
Commuter (704) 4 4 5 5 6 4 5 3 1 3
Air taxi (703) 30 39 40 35 28 26 19 18 19 12
Aerial work (702) 13 11 12 10 17 14 14 12 8 10
Other commercial type 0 1 1 2 0 0 2 2 7 17
State 4 1 3 2 3 2 2 2 3 1
Corporate 2 7 4 4 2 4 3 4 2 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 142 167 127 152 147 138 141 157 127 139
Helicopter accidents 56 45 42 32 29 35 41 27 34 33
Commercial 50 34 28 19 27 26 28 22 25 24
State 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 0
Corporate 0 3 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 6 7 14 12 2 8 10 4 8 9
Other aircraft type (c) 4 5 13 7 6 3 7 13 8 7
Fatal accidents by aircraft and operator type (a) 31 33 26 28 32 30 33 32 10 23
Aeroplane accidents 22 25 16 20 28 21 25 24 10 18
Commercial 6 7 3 5 12 10 6 8 2 6
Airliner (705) 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Commuter (704) 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0
Air taxi (703) 5 5 3 5 7 6 3 5 1 3
Aerial work (702) 1 1 0 0 4 2 2 1 1 2
Other commercial type 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
State 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Corporate 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 15 17 11 15 16 11 19 15 8 13
Helicopter accidents 9 6 9 7 3 8 7 6 0 5
Other aircraft type (c) 0 2 1 1 1 1 1 3 0 0
Fatalities (a) 52 50 51 64 66 61 54 59 15 40
Serious injuries (a) 40 56 41 34 31 43 38 19 29 28
Incidents by type (d) 658 691 728 658 664 576 530 579 654 711
Risk of collision/Loss of separation 150 152 149 137 179 106 92 105 84 101
Declared emergency 184 186 234 237 238 224 200 231 277 291
Engine failure 106 108 98 94 67 87 77 70 94 100
Smoke/Fire 86 106 90 84 69 67 59 55 76 79
Collision 18 9 7 7 3 7 4 14 15 7
Other incident type 114 130 150 99 108 85 98 104 108 133
Accidents involving ultralight aircraft 28 30 29 34 30 17 36 23 31 16
Fatal accidents 1 5 12 4 3 3 8 4 2 3
Fatalities 1 6 13 5 4 3 8 4 2 3
Serious injuries 12 7 5 8 4 5 6 3 6 3
Data extracted March 23, 2016
Accidents and reportable incidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.
Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Number of accidents by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, the occurrence is counted in each category, but only once in the total.
a. Accidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft, excluding ultralights.
b. Other operator type contains, but is not limited to, organizations that rent aircraft (i.e. flying schools, flying clubs, etc.).
c. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and similar aircraft types.
d. New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under new reporting requirements aviation incidents include: a) aircraft having a maximum certificated take-off weight greater than 2 250 kg (formerly 5700 kg); b) aircraft being operated under an air operator certificate issued under CARS Part VII.
Table 3a. Accident rates involving Canadian-registered aircraft (per hours flown, excluding ultralights and other aircraft types) 2006-2015
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Accidents 258 279 239 242 238 227 232 231 204 222
Fatal accidents 31 31 25 27 31 29 32 30 10 23
Fatalities 52 47 50 63 65 59 53 57 15 40
Hours flown (thousands) (a) 3,919 4,197 4,241 3,865 3,989 4,275 4,388 4,285 4,294 4,353
Accidents per 100,000 hours 6.6 6.6 5.6 6.3 6.0 5.3 5.3 5.4 4.8 5.1
Fatal accidents per 100,000 hours 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.2 0.5
Fatalities per 100,000 hours 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.3 0.3 0.9
Data extracted March 23, 2016
Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.
Canadian-registered aircraft, excluding ultralights, balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders and similar aircraft types.
a. Source: Transport Canada (2012 to 2015 hours flown are estimated).
Table 3b. Aircraft accident rates in Canada (per movements, excluding ultralights and other aircraft types), 2006-2015
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Accidents 261 277 245 246 250 230 238 235 206 221
Fatal accidents 29 30 21 28 32 30 31 28 11 21
Fatalities 49 44 43 64 66 60 52 52 17 39
Aircraft movements (thousands) (a) 6,196 6,682 6,711 6,380 6,262 6,112 6,097 5,959 5,948 5,936
Accidents per 100,000 aircraft movements 4.2 4.1 3.7 3.9 4.0 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.5 3.7
Fatal accidents per 100,000 aircraft movements 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.4
Fatalities per 100,000 aircraft movements 0.8 0.7 0.6 1.0 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.3 0.7
Data extracted March 23, 2016
Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.
Excluding ultralights, balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders and similar aircraft types.
a. Source: Statistics Canada.
Table 4. Aircraft accident fatalities, 2006-2015
  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Fatalities 55 56 64 71 72 66 63 65 21 47
Fatalities in Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 48 53 57 67 70 63 61 57 15 39
Fatalities outside Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 5 3 7 2 0 1 1 6 2 4
Fatalities in Canada involving foreign-registered aircraft 2 0 0 2 2 2 1 2 4 4
Fatalities by operator type 55 56 64 71 72 66 63 65 21 47
Commercial 28 19 25 36 36 38 17 29 4 20
Airliner (705) 0 0 0 0 0 12 0 0 0 0
Commuter (704) 0 1 0 17 1 2 1 5 0 0
Air taxi (703) 18 10 20 18 28 16 12 19 2 12
Aerial work (702) 10 9 5 1 7 8 3 4 2 6
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 2
State 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Corporate 0 1 7 0 0 2 0 1 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 26 36 32 35 36 26 45 35 17 29
Crew fatalities by operator type 32 37 35 35 40 37 40 44 15 29
Commercial 12 12 8 10 17 18 10 21 3 10
Airliner (705) 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0
Commuter (704) 0 0 0 2 1 2 0 2 0 0
Air taxi (703) 5 7 6 7 11 7 7 14 1 4
Aerial work (702) 7 6 2 1 5 5 2 4 2 4
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 2
State 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Corporate 0 1 2 0 0 2 0 1 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 19 24 25 25 23 17 29 22 12 21
Passenger fatalities by operator type 22 19 28 36 31 29 22 20 6 18
Commercial 15 7 16 26 18 20 6 8 1 10
Airliner (705) 0 0 0 0 0 8 0 0 0 0
Commuter (704) 0 1 0 15 0 0 1 3 0 0
Air taxi (703) 12 3 14 11 16 9 5 5 1 8
Aerial work (702) 3 3 2 0 2 3 0 0 0 2
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
State 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Corporate 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 7 12 7 10 13 9 16 12 5 8
Ground fatalities 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0
Fatalities by aircraft type 55 56 64 71 72 66 63 65 21 47
Aeroplane 42 39 34 38 59 46 44 46 19 35
Helicopter 12 8 16 27 7 15 9 12 0 8
Ultralight 1 6 13 5 4 3 8 4 2 4
Other aircraft type (c) 0 3 1 1 2 2 2 7 0 0
Data extracted March 23, 2016
Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.
Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Fatalities by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, a fatality is counted in each category, but only once in the total.
a. The commercial service type is not available for foreign-registered aircraft.
b. Other operator type contains, but is not limited to, organizations that rent aircraft (i.e., flying schools, flying clubs, etc.).
c. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and similar aircraft types.
Table 5. Aircraft accident serious injuries, 2006-2015
  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Serious injuries 53 65 50 45 36 49 48 22 36 31
Serious injuries in Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 51 61 45 41 35 39 39 22 35 28
Serious injuries outside Canada involving Canadian-registered aircraft 1 2 0 1 0 9 5 0 0 3
Serious injuries in Canada involving foreign-registered aircraft 1 2 5 3 1 1 4 0 1 0
Serious injuries by operator type 53 65 50 45 36 49 48 22 36 31
Commercial 20 30 24 11 16 31 20 11 10 14
Airliner (705) 1 0 1 1 1 10 1 0 0 2
Commuter (704) 0 1 2 1 4 7 2 2 0 0
Air taxi (703) 16 15 18 6 7 9 15 6 5 8
Aerial work (702) 2 14 3 3 4 5 1 3 3 3
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 1
State 2 3 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0
Corporate 0 1 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 31 31 26 29 19 18 28 11 26 17
Crew serious injuries by operator type 28 30 25 26 22 18 24 13 23 18
Commercial 9 10 11 5 6 6 5 4 5 6
Airliner (705) 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Commuter (704) 0 1 0 0 1 0 2 0 0 0
Air taxi (703) 6 3 9 2 2 2 1 2 2 2
Aerial work (702) 2 6 2 3 3 4 1 2 1 3
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 0
State 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
Corporate 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 18 19 14 18 15 12 19 9 18 12
Passenger serious injuries by operator type 23 32 25 19 13 30 23 8 12 13
Commercial 10 20 13 6 10 24 14 6 5 8
Airliner (705) 0 0 1 1 1 10 0 0 0 1
Commuter (704) 0 0 2 1 3 7 0 2 0 0
Air taxi (703) 9 12 9 4 5 7 14 4 3 6
Aerial work (702) 0 8 1 0 1 0 0 0 2 0
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
State 1 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Corporate 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Private/Other operator type (b) 12 9 12 11 3 6 9 2 7 5
Ground serious injuries 2 3 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0
Serious injuries by aircraft type 53 65 50 45 36 49 48 22 36 31
Aeroplane 28 32 29 24 28 36 31 13 21 23
Helicopter 9 13 14 11 3 8 7 6 7 5
Ultralight 12 7 5 8 4 5 6 3 7 3
Other aircraft type (c) 4 13 2 2 1 0 4 0 1 0
Data extracted March 23, 2016
Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.
Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Serious injuries by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, a serious injury is counted in each category, but only once in the total.
a. The commercial service type is not available for foreign-registered aircraft.
b. Other operator type contains, but is not limited to, organizations that rent aircraft (i.e., flying schools, flying clubs, etc.).
c. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and similar aircraft types.
Table 6. Accidents involving Canadian-registered aeroplanes and helicopters by operation type 2006-2015
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Aeroplane accidents by operation type 202 234 197 210 209 192 191 204 170 189
Training 33 33 30 43 28 28 27 24 27 16
Pleasure/Travel 96 118 83 109 108 102 109 127 96 125
Business 8 15 7 4 6 7 4 2 9 1
Forest fire management 4 0 1 3 2 1 2 3 2 2
Test/Demonstration/Ferry 7 8 4 0 6 4 4 4 5 2
Aerial application 7 8 9 4 10 4 3 7 4 5
Inspection 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1
Air transport 37 40 46 34 37 35 28 26 22 21
Air ambulance 3 2 3 5 2 1 1 0 1 0
Sightseeing 3 1 2 2 1 2 6 1 1 1
Other/Unknown 5 9 11 8 9 10 8 11 4 16
Aeroplane fatal accidents by operation type 22 25 16 20 28 21 25 24 10 18
Training 4 3 0 1 1 1 1 2 1 1
Pleasure/Travel 11 10 8 13 15 10 16 11 7 12
Business 1 1 2 1 1 0 1 1 1 0
Forest fire management 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 1
Test/Demonstration/Ferry 1 4 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0
Aerial application 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Inspection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Air transport 5 4 3 4 7 8 4 5 1 2
Air ambulance 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sightseeing 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
Other/Unknown 1 0 1 0 2 1 3 3 0 2
Helicopter accidents by operation type 56 45 42 32 29 35 41 27 34 33
Training 2 3 6 5 0 2 1 1 2 5
Pleasure/Travel 4 4 9 5 2 9 8 2 7 8
Business 0 5 0 3 0 0 3 1 0 1
Forest fire management 3 0 0 4 1 2 1 3 0 2
Test/Demonstration/Ferry 2 3 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0
Aerial application 0 2 1 0 3 1 5 0 1 2
Inspection 1 1 0 0 1 2 2 2 3 0
Air transport 29 16 22 10 15 13 9 8 18 10
Air ambulance 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 2 0 0
Sightseeing 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0
Other/Unknown 15 12 3 4 6 5 10 7 2 5
Fatal helicopter accidents by operation type 9 6 9 7 3 8 7 6 0 5
Training 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0
Pleasure/Travel 0 0 3 2 0 2 0 0 0 0
Business 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
Forest fire management 2 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0
Test/Demonstration/Ferry 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
Aerial application 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Inspection 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0
Air transport 2 3 4 3 2 1 1 3 0 3
Air ambulance 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Sightseeing 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Other/Unknown 4 2 2 0 0 1 3 1 0 0
Data extracted March 23, 2016
Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.
Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Airplane accidents by operation type", when an occurrence involves a Business and an Inspection airplane, the occurrence is counted in each category, but only once in the total.
Canadian-registered aircraft, excluding ultralights, balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders and similar aircraft types.
Table 7 . Aircraft accidents by province/territory 2006-2015
  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Accidents by province/territory 303 323 294 297 288 257 291 276 249 251
Newfoundland and Labrador 4 6 7 3 3 3 5 3 5 6
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 2 4 6 3 7 5 5 5 3 6
New Brunswick 3 8 1 2 5 3 3 2 6 2
Quebec 56 72 58 68 65 58 71 66 69 51
Ontario 60 81 69 74 71 63 67 72 67 74
Manitoba 21 18 27 19 27 17 18 13 12 14
Saskatchewan 19 23 19 14 18 18 9 19 12 13
Alberta 44 32 33 31 25 22 35 29 33 23
British Columbia 64 46 44 59 47 43 54 51 30 43
Yukon 4 7 7 4 3 8 8 4 4 6
Northwest Territories 5 8 8 6 9 6 5 3 3 2
Nunavut 8 5 8 2 7 4 3 4 1 2
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Outside Canada 11 13 7 11 1 7 8 4 4 9
Fatal accidents by province/territory 34 38 38 34 37 35 42 38 14 29
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 1 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 1
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 1
New Brunswick 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0
Quebec 4 6 5 10 10 5 10 5 2 7
Ontario 4 6 7 6 9 6 10 9 5 6
Manitoba 0 3 1 0 1 1 3 2 0 1
Saskatchewan 4 5 0 2 0 3 1 2 1 2
Alberta 6 3 8 1 2 4 6 4 1 3
British Columbia 9 10 10 8 7 10 9 10 2 4
Yukon 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 1 1 2 1 3 2 0 1 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Outside Canada 4 1 4 2 0 1 1 3 1 4
Fatalities by province/territory 55 56 64 71 72 66 63 65 21 47
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 1 0 18 2 0 0 0 0 1
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 1 0 0 2 1 0 1 1 1
New Brunswick 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 2 0
Quebec 7 7 7 16 28 9 11 5 2 16
Ontario 6 7 8 12 14 9 19 19 8 10
Manitoba 0 5 1 0 1 1 4 5 0 1
Saskatchewan 4 6 0 4 0 7 5 3 2 3
Alberta 9 5 12 1 4 5 6 5 1 4
British Columbia 16 17 26 14 15 16 15 17 3 7
Yukon 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 6 3 2 2 3 4 0 1 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 1 12 1 0 0 0
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0
Outside Canada 5 3 7 2 0 1 1 6 2 4
Data extracted March 23, 2016
Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.
Table 8. Accidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft by province/territory (excluding ultralights) 2006-2015
  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Accidents by province/territory 262 284 252 249 244 230 239 243 212 227
Newfoundland and Labrador 3 5 5 3 3 3 5 3 4 6
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 3 2 1 7 3 3 5 2 5
New Brunswick 2 7 1 2 4 3 3 2 6 2
Quebec 48 61 50 60 52 52 52 57 57 44
Ontario 52 71 62 61 55 56 54 59 53 66
Manitoba 17 17 24 19 25 16 15 13 11 13
Saskatchewan 18 21 18 12 18 17 8 18 10 12
Alberta 41 31 28 28 24 18 30 27 31 21
British Columbia 53 36 33 44 38 39 46 44 27 40
Yukon 4 6 7 2 3 7 7 4 4 6
Northwest Territories 5 8 8 5 8 6 5 3 2 2
Nunavut 8 5 7 1 6 3 3 3 1 1
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Outside Canada 11 13 7 10 1 7 8 4 4 9
Fatal accidents by province/territory 31 33 26 28 32 30 33 32 10 23
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 1 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 1
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0
Quebec 3 4 4 8 9 5 4 3 1 6
Ontario 4 6 4 5 8 4 9 6 3 5
Manitoba 0 3 1 0 1 1 3 2 0 0
Saskatchewan 3 4 0 1 0 3 1 2 1 2
Alberta 6 3 4 1 2 3 5 4 1 3
British Columbia 9 9 6 8 5 9 8 9 2 2
Yukon 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 1 1 2 1 2 2 0 1 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Outside Canada 4 1 4 1 0 1 1 3 1 4
Fatalities by province/territory 52 50 51 64 66 61 54 59 15 40
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 1 0 18 2 0 0 0 0 1
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 2 0
Quebec 6 5 6 14 27 9 5 3 1 15
Ontario 6 7 4 11 12 7 18 16 4 9
Manitoba 0 5 1 0 1 1 4 5 0 0
Saskatchewan 3 5 0 2 0 7 5 3 2 3
Alberta 9 5 8 1 4 4 5 5 1 4
British Columbia 16 15 22 14 13 15 14 16 3 4
Yukon 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 6 3 2 2 2 4 0 1 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 1 12 1 0 0 0
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0
Outside Canada 5 3 7 1 0 1 1 6 2 4
Data extracted March 23, 2016
Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.
Table 9. Reportable aircraft incidents, 2006-2015
  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Incidents by type 807 874 887 790 813 677 636 686 739 789
Risk of collision/Loss of separation 168 168 172 153 206 120 101 115 94 111
Declared emergency 260 298 314 313 310 275 260 291 313 334
Engine failure 130 129 120 107 87 95 90 83 104 108
Smoke/Fire 102 123 107 97 80 88 71 67 88 87
Collision 21 13 8 9 4 7 5 15 16 8
Control difficulties 41 41 39 24 32 31 33 25 40 30
Crew unable to perform duties 57 65 78 59 50 26 40 58 36 46
Dangerous goods-related 2 3 1 3 1 0 1 3 4 0
Depressurization 9 13 17 6 11 16 15 14 12 16
Fuel shortage 6 8 7 4 9 6 7 2 6 17
Failure to remain in landing area 7 9 18 9 13 11 10 9 20 18
Incorrect fuel 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slung load released 3 3 5 3 9 1 1 4 5 13
Transmission or gearbox failure 0 1 0 3 1 1 2 0 1 1
Incidents by operator type 807 874 887 790 813 677 636 686 739 789
Commercial 773 823 857 751 775 637 598 653 695 741
Airliner (705) 528 563 590 499 519 448 409 450 428 438
Commuter (704) 80 75 94 88 85 75 77 90 105 82
Air taxi (703) 52 25 36 43 29 29 26 35 81 118
Aerial work (702) 20 20 24 31 26 15 11 12 33 47
Foreign/Other commercial type (a) 165 196 181 138 172 110 110 111 83 84
State 21 29 17 24 25 14 21 20 13 15
Corporate 30 43 21 28 20 22 20 20 18 4
Private/Other operator type (b) 31 24 33 27 31 26 22 19 34 61
Incidents by aircraft type 807 874 887 790 813 677 636 686 739 789
Aeroplane 787 854 870 772 788 659 624 670 713 751
Helicopter 29 22 19 21 32 20 17 20 30 45
Ultralight/Other aircraft type (c) 1 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 3 8
Number of aircraft involved in incidents* 974 1031 1052 916 976 780 733 797 828 887
Aeroplanes 942 1009 1033 893 942 760 716 777 795 834
Helicopters 30 22 19 22 32 20 17 20 30 45
Ultralight/Other aircraft type (c) 2 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 3 8
Incidents by province/territory 807 874 887 790 813 677 636 686 739 789
Newfoundland and Labrador 24 19 21 16 30 14 17 29 22 30
Prince Edward Island 2 1 2 2 0 1 0 2 0 1
Nova Scotia 17 26 20 18 25 19 17 11 22 19
New Brunswick 14 17 12 5 10 7 7 7 8 9
Quebec 101 127 127 97 108 126 107 122 89 116
Ontario 244 263 273 195 176 178 155 166 157 152
Manitoba 43 52 59 46 51 31 31 31 51 54
Saskatchewan 20 19 28 18 19 11 18 27 32 21
Alberta 111 80 89 106 84 82 81 103 98 117
British Columbia 83 133 120 162 156 76 101 99 132 154
Yukon 5 4 4 6 4 3 4 5 6 6
Northwest Territories 25 27 27 14 21 30 17 16 25 17
Nunavut 10 14 17 8 21 19 19 10 20 15
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 30 23 10 30 26 25 13 19 19 16
Outside Canada 78 69 78 67 82 55 49 39 58 62
Data extracted March 23, 2016
Reportable incidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.
New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under new reporting requirements aviation incidents include: a) aircraft having a maximum certificated take-off weight greater than 2 250 kg (formerly 5700 kg); b) aircraft being operated under an air operator certificate issued under CARS Part VII.
Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Incidents by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, the occurrence is counted in each category, but only once in the total.
* "Number of aircraft involved in incidents" are aircraft counts, all other data are incident counts.
a. The commercial service type is not available for foreign-registered aircraft.
b. Other operator type contains, but is not limited to, organizations that rent aircraft (i.e., flying schools, flying clubs, etc.).
c. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and similar aircraft types.
Table 10. Reportable incidents involving Canadian-registered aircraft 2006-2015
  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Incidents by type 658 691 728 658 664 576 530 579 654 711
Risk of collision/Loss of separation 150 152 149 137 179 106 92 105 84 101
Declared emergency 184 186 234 237 238 224 200 231 277 291
Engine failure 106 108 98 94 67 87 77 70 94 100
Smoke/Fire 86 106 90 84 69 67 59 55 76 79
Collision 18 9 7 7 3 7 4 14 15 7
Control difficulties 31 38 32 18 24 27 31 22 36 29
Crew unable to perform duties 56 63 76 57 49 26 38 56 35 44
Dangerous goods-related 2 3 1 3 1 0 1 3 3 0
Depressurization 9 11 15 3 10 15 13 10 10 14
Fuel shortage 6 4 4 4 6 5 4 2 3 15
Failure to remain in landing area 6 7 16 8 8 10 9 7 17 18
Incorrect fuel 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slung load released 3 3 5 3 9 1 1 4 4 12
Transmission or gearbox failure 0 1 0 3 1 1 1 0 0 1
Incidents by operator type 658 691 728 658 664 576 530 579 654 711
Commercial 635 660 703 627 635 547 501 552 620 674
Airliner (705) 524 563 585 495 518 445 409 449 426 437
Commuter (704) 79 75 94 88 85 75 77 90 105 82
Air taxi (703) 52 25 36 43 29 29 25 35 81 118
Aerial work (702) 20 17 24 30 26 15 11 12 30 46
Other commercial type (a) 31 36 32 19 32 23 14 11 13 19
State 20 28 16 21 21 14 18 19 11 15
Corporate 21 23 17 20 17 13 15 15 11 2
Private/Other operator type (b) 27 22 31 26 28 22 19 18 30 51
Incidents by aircraft type 658 691 728 658 664 576 530 579 654 711
Aeroplane 638 673 711 640 641 558 519 563 631 674
Helicopter 29 20 19 21 31 20 16 20 27 44
Ultralight/Other aircraft type (c) 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 3 8
Number of aircraft involved in incidents* 803 833 873 774 810 670 619 681 730 800
Aeroplanes 771 813 854 751 778 650 603 661 700 748
Helicopters 30 20 19 22 31 20 16 20 27 44
Ultralight/Other aircraft type (c) 2 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 3 8
Incidents by province/territory 658 691 728 658 664 576 530 579 654 711
Newfoundland and Labrador 13 10 13 7 13 10 10 17 13 20
Prince Edward Island 2 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1
Nova Scotia 12 17 12 13 19 14 9 9 19 17
New Brunswick 9 12 7 3 8 5 7 4 6 9
Quebec 79 90 96 77 89 104 84 96 81 103
Ontario 198 201 221 168 141 149 127 142 139 141
Manitoba 35 43 49 40 45 30 30 27 45 51
Saskatchewan 19 16 26 16 15 11 14 26 27 19
Alberta 99 68 76 92 74 76 75 93 93 110
British Columbia 72 120 103 141 134 68 87 93 125 137
Yukon 3 4 2 6 3 3 3 3 5 6
Northwest Territories 21 27 27 14 19 30 17 16 25 17
Nunavut 10 9 14 7 17 16 15 10 16 14
Other air space under Canadian air traffic control 8 5 3 6 5 5 3 3 2 4
Outside Canada 78 69 78 67 82 55 49 39 58 62
Data extracted March 23, 2016
Reportable incidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.
New TSB regulations came into effect on July 1, 2014. Under new reporting requirements aviation incidents include: a) aircraft having a maximum certificated take-off weight greater than 2 250 kg (formerly 5700 kg); b) aircraft being operated under an air operator certificate issued under CARS Part VII.
Breakdowns may not add up to totals. For example, in the total "Incidents by aircraft type", when an occurrence involves an airplane and a helicopter, the occurrence is counted in each category, but only once in the total.
* "Number of aircraft involved in incidents" are aircraft counts, all other data are incident counts.
a. The commercial service type is not available for foreign-registered aircraft.
b. Other operator type contains, but is not limited to, organizations that rent aircraft (i.e., flying schools, flying clubs, etc.).
c. Includes balloons, gyroplanes, gliders, dirigibles, hang gliders, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and similar aircraft types.
Table 11. Number of accidents involving aeroplanes by phase of flight and selected event category, 2006-2015
  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Total
Standing/Taxiing 19 16 13 20 17 18 17 23 16 19 178
Collision with object 8 6 6 9 6 6 7 8 6 3 65
Collision with moving aircraft 4 2 4 3 1 1 2 1 3 5 26
Nosedown/Overturned 1 0 1 1 4 3 3 5 1 3 22
Landing gear collapsed/retracted 1 1 0 4 2 3 0 2 1 2 16
Loss of control 2 1 0 1 3 0 3 4 1 0 15
Other events 10 10 6 9 8 9 9 11 9 12 93
Take-off 48 51 40 49 54 41 54 40 48 53 478
Collision with terrain 18 10 9 14 15 11 21 11 10 18 137
Loss of control 14 12 7 15 15 12 17 7 18 9 126
Collision with object 18 17 14 16 13 9 17 8 11 18 141
Take-off/Landing event 10 16 5 13 13 13 19 9 11 11 120
Power loss 9 14 14 12 14 11 6 13 16 12 121
Other events 32 37 30 34 35 28 33 26 34 50 339
En route 41 29 34 41 32 31 31 34 23 28 324
Power loss 18 11 18 26 13 14 15 15 14 8 152
Precautionary/Forced landing/Ditching 6 6 14 10 11 13 9 8 7 5 89
Collision with terrain 16 6 5 9 8 8 8 10 5 4 79
Component/System related 2 5 3 4 4 1 2 3 2 2 28
Other events 23 18 14 20 20 18 15 18 14 25 185
Manoeuvering 11 12 12 3 11 12 10 12 4 11 98
Collision with terrain 4 8 3 2 5 6 7 7 1 7 50
Loss of control 1 5 3 1 3 1 4 1 1 2 22
Collision with object 4 2 4 0 7 1 1 2 1 2 24
Power loss 0 0 4 1 1 3 1 0 0 1 11
Other events 5 4 6 1 3 9 2 5 3 4 42
Approach 25 28 29 31 29 23 19 31 27 24 266
Collision with terrain 5 5 8 12 11 7 6 6 7 10 77
Power loss 9 7 8 7 7 2 0 11 6 2 59
Collision with object 3 9 8 3 6 8 1 7 9 7 61
Component/System related 3 6 5 9 2 5 3 3 4 2 42
Precautionary/Forced landing/Ditching 5 1 5 4 5 2 2 7 7 1 39
Loss of control 4 3 5 3 6 3 4 5 1 4 38
Other events 7 14 7 14 10 8 12 9 8 17 106
Landing 116 149 114 121 112 113 111 116 99 118 1169
Missed or went off runway 22 26 17 24 24 27 26 28 14 30 238
Collision with object 30 32 21 23 25 28 26 18 20 29 252
Landing gear collapsed/retracted 16 30 28 18 26 24 22 25 17 27 233
Nosedown/Overturned 21 27 27 21 18 17 20 20 17 27 215
Loss of control 14 25 16 23 20 17 27 19 22 2 185
Hard landing 20 35 16 19 23 22 20 13 14 10 192
Collision with terrain 10 21 19 16 18 16 18 12 21 20 171
Wheels-up landing 5 11 8 12 7 3 7 10 7 10 80
Precautionary/Forced landing/Ditching 8 6 5 11 5 3 9 11 5 12 75
Other events 51 54 38 39 47 49 42 45 28 77 470
Post-impact 12 13 13 13 20 11 18 13 17 35 165
Fire/Explosion/Fumes 7 8 9 8 15 6 7 7 6 11 84
Other events 5 6 5 6 5 5 11 6 13 24 86
Data extracted April 7, 2016
Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.
Breakdowns do not add up to totals. For example, in the "Take-off" phase, if an occurrence involves both "Control loss" and "Power loss" events, the occurrence is counted in each event category, but only once in the phase total.
Table 12. Number of accidents involving helicopters by phase of flight and selected event category, 2006-2015
  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Total
Standing/Taxiing 6 4 3 3 0 6 4 1 4 2 33
Collision with terrain 2 1 0 1 0 2 1 0 0 1 8
Loss of control 2 1 1 0 0 2 0 0 2 1 9
Collision with object 1 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 8
Other events 5 2 2 3 0 5 4 1 4 0 26
Take-off 11 7 7 4 2 7 7 7 9 4 65
Loss of control 7 4 4 1 1 4 2 0 5 1 29
Collision with terrain 6 2 3 2 2 3 1 2 1 2 24
Collision with object 2 1 0 1 1 0 4 2 2 1 14
Power loss 2 0 1 1 0 2 0 1 1 0 8
Other events 3 2 4 1 1 1 2 2 4 1 21
En route 12 12 11 11 7 10 9 5 7 4 88
Collision with terrain 5 6 6 3 3 3 3 1 3 1 34
Power loss 6 4 4 5 3 2 3 1 1 1 30
Precautionary/Forced landing/Ditching 2 3 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 10
Component/System related 2 0 3 1 0 2 0 1 0 1 10
Other events 4 5 10 5 4 7 6 4 5 3 53
Manoeuvering 14 13 9 7 6 10 11 8 4 8 90
Collision with terrain 5 5 4 3 3 6 5 5 2 3 41
Loss of control 0 7 2 3 2 2 3 2 2 2 25
Collision with object 7 1 2 1 2 3 3 2 1 1 23
Operations related event 4 4 1 2 1 2 2 1 0 2 19
Power loss 0 2 2 2 1 0 2 1 0 1 11
Other events 8 7 5 5 1 3 6 2 2 5 44
Approach 2 4 3 5 4 6 7 3 3 3 40
Collision with terrain 1 1 2 3 4 1 1 0 0 0 13
Power loss 1 1 0 1 0 0 2 0 1 1 7
Loss of control 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 5
Collision with object 0 0 0 1 0 2 0 0 1 0 4
Other events 1 2 2 3 3 3 5 3 2 2 26
Landing 21 16 17 15 15 7 13 12 12 18 146
Hard landing 9 5 6 2 4 4 4 1 3 1 39
Collision with terrain 3 1 5 5 4 2 4 0 3 6 33
Loss of control 4 2 6 2 1 1 1 2 4 6 29
Collision with object 5 4 3 5 5 2 2 5 5 1 37
Other events 7 9 4 9 7 2 4 9 5 10 66
Post-impact 4 4 3 4 4 4 2 3 2 5 35
Fire/Explosion/Fumes 3 3 2 3 1 2 1 2 0 1 18
Other events 1 1 1 1 3 2 1 1 2 4 17
Data extracted April 7, 2016
Accidents are reported in accordance with the TSB's regulations for mandatory reporting of occurrences.
Breakdowns do not add up to totals. For example, in the "Take-off" phase, if an occurrence involves both "Control loss" and "Power loss" events, the occurrence is counted in each event category, but only once in the phase total.

Appendix B: Definitions

The following definitions apply to aviation occurrences that are required to be reported pursuant to the Canadian Transportation Accident Investigation and Safety Board Act and the TSB regulations.

Aviation occurrence

  • Any accident or incident associated with the operation of an aircraft, and
  • Any situation or condition that the Board has reasonable grounds to believe could, if left unattended, induce an accident or incident described above.

Reportable aviation accident

An accident resulting directly from the operation of an aircraft where:

  • a person is killed or sustains a serious injury as a result of:
    • being on board the aircraft,
    • coming into contact with any part of the r aircraft, including parts that have become detached from the aircraft, or
    • being directly exposed to jet blast, rotor down wash or propeller wash,
  • the aircraft sustains structural failure or damage that adversely affects the aircraft’s structural strength, performance or flight characteristics and would normally require major repair or replacement of any affected component, except for
    • engine failure or damage, when the damage is limited to the engine, its cowlings or accessories, or
    • damage limited to propellers, wing tips, antennae, tires, brakes, fairings or small dents or puncture holes in the aircraft’s skin, or
  • the aircraft is missing or inaccessible;

Reportable aviation incident

An incident involving an aircraft having a maximum certificated take-off weight greater than 2 250 kg, or of an aircraft being operated under an air operator certificate issued under Part VII of the Canadian Aviation Regulations, where:

  • an engine fails or is shut down as a precautionary measure,
  • a power train transmission gearbox malfunction occurs,
  • smoke is detected or a fire occurs on board,
  • difficulties in controlling the aircraft are encountered owing to any aircraft system malfunction, weather phenomena, wake turbulence, uncontrolled vibrations or operations outside the flight envelope
  • the aircraft fails to remain within the intended landing or take-off area, lands with all or part of the landing gear retracted or drags a wing tip, an engine pod or any other part of the aircraft,
  • a crew member whose duties are directly related to the safe operation of the aircraft is unable to perform their duties as a result of a physical incapacitation which poses a threat to the safety of persons, property or the environment,
  • depressurization of the aircraft occurs that requires an emergency descent,
  • a fuel shortage occurs that requires a diversion or requires approach and landing priority at the destination of the aircraft,
  • the aircraft is refuelled with the incorrect type of fuel or contaminated fuel,
  • a collision, a risk of collision or a loss of separation occurs,
  • a crew member declares an emergency or indicates an emergency that requires priority handling by air traffic services or the standing by of emergency response services,
  • a slung load is released unintentionally or as a precautionary or emergency measure from the aircraft, or
  • any dangerous goods are released in or from the aircraft.

Collision

Collision means an impact, other than an impact associated with normal operating circumstances, between aircraft or between an aircraft and another object or terrain.

Risk of collision

Risk of collision means a situation in which an aircraft comes so close to being involved in a collision that a threat to the safety of any person, property or the environment exists.

Loss of separation

Loss of separation means a situation in which the distance separating two aircraft is less than the minimum established in the Canadian Domestic Air Traffic Control Separation Standards, published by the Department of Transport, as amended from time to time.

Serious injury

  • a fracture of any bone, except simple fractures of fingers, toes or the nose,
  • lacerations that cause severe hemorrhage or nerve, muscle or tendon damage,
  • an injury to an internal organ,
  • second or third degree burns, or any burns affecting more than 5% of the body surface,
  • a verified exposure to infectious substances or injurious radiation, or
  • an injury that is likely to require hospitalization.

ATS-Related Event

Any event related to the provision of air traffic control services including, but not limited to, failure or inability to provide service, emergency handling, or loss of in-flight separation.

Air Proximity Event

A situation in which, in the opinion of a pilot or air traffic services personnel, the distance between aircraft as well as their positions and speed have been such that the safety of the aircraft involved may have been compromised.

Operation

Operation means the activities for which an aircraft is used from the time any person boards the aircraft with the intention of flight until they disembark.

Operator

Operator has the same meaning as in subsection 101.01(1) of the Canadian Aviation Regulations.

Commercial Operators

Commercial operators include carriers that offer a “for-hire” service to transport people or goods, or to undertake specific tasks such as aerial photography, flight training, or crop spraying.

Airliner

An aeroplane used by a Canadian air operator in an air transport service or in aerial work involving sightseeing operations, that has a MCTOW of more than 8618 kg (19 000 pounds) or for which a Canadian type certificate has been issued authorizing the transport of 20 or more passengers.

Commuter Aircraft

An aeroplane used by a Canadian air operator, in an air transport service or in aerial work involving sightseeing operations, in which the aircraft is:

  • a multi engined aircraft that has a MCTOW of 8618 kg (19 000 pounds) or less and a seating configuration, excluding pilot seats, of 10 to 19 inclusive;
  • a turbo jet powered aeroplane that has a maximum zero fuel weight of 22 680 kg (50 000 pounds) or less and for which a Canadian type certificate has been issued authorizing the transport of not more than 19 passengers.

Aerial Work Aircraft

A commercially operated aeroplane or helicopter used in aerial work involving

  • the carriage on board of persons other than flight crew members,
  • the carriage of helicopter external loads,
  • the towing of objects, or
  • the dispersal of products.

Air Taxi Aircraft

A commercially operated aircraft used in an air transport service or in aerial work involving sightseeing operations, in which the aircraft is:

  • a single engined aircraft;
  • a multi engined aircraft, other than a turbo jet powered aeroplane, that has a MCTOW of 8618 kg (19 000 pounds) or less and a seating configuration, excluding pilot seats, of nine or less; or
  • any aircraft that is authorized by the Minister of Transport to be operated under Part VII, Subpart 3, Division 1 of the Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs).

State Operators

State operators include the federal and provincial governments.

Corporate Operators

Corporate operators include companies flying for business reasons.

Private Operators

Private operators include individuals flying for pleasure. Included are flights on which it is not possible to transport people or cargo on a “for-hire” basis.

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Ultra-light accidents will be presented separately in all subsequent discussion of occurrences involving Canadian-registered aircraft.

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Footnote 2

Source: Transport Canada

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Footnote 3

It is agreed by convention that, for a result to be considered statistically significant, its probability must be lower than 1 in 20 (that is, p<.05).

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Footnote 4

As some occurrences involve more than one aircraft, readers are cautioned to note differences between the number of occurrences and the number of aircraft involved in occurrences. All Tables except Table 1 exclude ultra-light aircraft; all tables except Tables 1 and 4 also exclude balloons, gliders, gyrocopters, and UAVs.

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Footnote 5

Transport Canada Canadian Civil Aircraft Registry

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Footnote 6

Manoeuvering (i.e., low altitude/aerobatic flight operations) does not occur on all flights.

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