TSB Transportation Safety Summit

Pipeline Integrity and Safety – Leading Indicators

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Norrie Ramsay
Senior Vice-President, Technical Centre of Excellence, TransCanada Pipelines Limited
Ottawa, Ontario, 22 April, 2016

Check against delivery.

Slide 2: TransCanada Corporation (TSX/NYSE: TRP)

  • One of North America's Largest Natural Gas Pipeline Networks:
    • Operating 68,000 km (42,100 mi) of pipeline
    • Average volume of 14 Bcf/d or 20% of continental demand.
  • North America's 3rd Largest Natural Gas Storage Operator
    • 368 Bcf of capacity
  • Canada's Largest Private Sector Power Generator
    • 19 power plants, 10,900 MW
    • Diversified portfolio, including wind, hydro, nuclear, coal, solar and natural gas
  • Premier North American Oil Pipeline System
    • Keystone Pipeline System (including Gulf Coast Pipeline): 4,247-km (2,639 mi), 591,000 bbl/d capacity
    • Safely delivered more than one billion barrels of Canadian oil to U.S. markets since 2010

Photo of Pipeline network on map of North America

Slide 3: Pipeline Integrity Management Program

  • An example of a proactive program governed by our Operational Management System
  • Full life cycle management of pipeline integrity and safety
  • Illustration of pyramid: OMS, Integrity Management Program, System Wide Rish Assessment, Threat Management, Preventative Integrity Maintenance
  • Illustration of Asset Management System cycle:
    • Plan: Commitment Statement, Strategy and Objectives, Structure and Responsibilities, Communication Management
    • Plan: Asset Management Planning, Information Management, Risk Management, Compliance Management
    • Do: Resource Management, Management of Change, Implement AMP's, Incidient and Emergency Investigation
    • Check: Performance and Conditioning Monitoring, Control of Non-Conformances, Internal System Audit
    • Act: Continual Improvement, Management Review

Slide 4: System Wide Risk Assessment (SWRA)

SWRA, a quantitative risk assessment process

Chart depicting Higher and Lower Risk Pipe Segments

Significant Change in Risk and Risks Exceeding Risk Threshold

Data Collection, Develop Model and Analysis, Validation, Risk Mitigation and Feedback Cycle

Photo of Pipeline workers in the field

Slide 5: Threat Management

  • Time Dependent Threat
    • External Corrosion
    • Internal Corrosion
    • Stress Corrosion Cracking
  • Stable Threat
    • Manufacturing Defects
    • Construction Defects
    • Equipment Failures
  • Time Independent Threats
    • 3rd Party Damage
    • Weather and Outside Forces
    • Incorrect Operations
      • % Mitigation Measures Implemented
      • Participation in Industry Foundations, Committees, and Organizations
      • Completion of Root Cause Analysis
      • # Mitigation Measures
      • Severity of Features
  • 2015 Statistics
    • 436 Pipe integrity personnel to implement the program (not including 3rd party field contractors)
    • 725 Excavations
    • 21 Geotechnical remediations
    • 229 Facility inspections and remediations
    • 383 Cathodic Protection installations, 165 repairs, and 980 inspections
    • 7 Class pipe replacements
    • 109 Water crossings monitored
    • 9 Hydro tests

Photo of worker working on Pipeline

Slide 6: In-Line Inspection (ILI)

ILI uses pipeline inspection gauges (PIG) for condition monitoring and maintenance

Enables identification, analysis, susceptibility assessment, risk management, and remediation

# Features Identified, Accuracy of ILI Calls, # of ILIs and Distance Run

  • 2015 Statistics
    • 172 In-line inspections performed in 2015
    • 15,334 km of ILI run in 2015
    • 5 Main Types of ILI (MFL, EMAT, Caliper, Smartball, Cleaning)

Photo of External corrosion pitting in a pipeline

Slide 7: Damage Prevention

  • Damage prevention - the proactive strategy to minimizing the probability of an incident caused by third parties (government, public, contractors, land owners, etc.).
    • Pulic Awareness
    • Mechanical Damage
    • Crossings
      • # One Call Notifications per Unauthorized Activity / 1000km
      • Timely Completion of Crossing Requests
      • Contractor Education Engagements
      • Landowner, Government, Contractor and Public Engagements
      • Reduction in Unauthorized Activities
      • Aerial Patrol Coverage
  • 2015 Statistics
    • 3003 Aerial patrol and 485,065 km flown
    • 118,318 One call requests processed
    • 818,755 Baseline mailings (public outreach)
    • 2295 Crossing agreements processed
    • 163 Unauthorized activities with 63 investigated

Photo detailling unauthorized activity.

Slide 8: Damage Prevention

Photo of unauthorized activity violations