Marine Investigation Report M06W0052
- Appendix A - Sketch of the Area
- Appendix B - Electronic Chart System Recording of the Vessel's Track (Based on Digital Global Positioning System Data)
- Appendix C - Major Amendments to the SOLAS Convention
- Appendix D - Glossary
Figure 3. Track of the Queen of the North
Appendix B - Electronic Chart System Recording of the Vessel's Track (Based on Digital Global Positioning System Data)
Figure 4. Course as it would have happened on a vector chart
The above graphic shows the track of the Queen of the North as it would have appeared on a vector chart, which, while not available at the time of the accident, clearly shows the vessel's course both across Wright Sound before and after the striking. The fixes in the electronic chart system data log were updated every minute for the following: date, time, latitude, longitude, heading, course over ground, and speed over ground. Ten-second positions of latitude and longitude depict the vessel's track moments after the striking.
Damage Stability for Roll-on/Roll-off Passenger Vessels
|REFERED TO AS AMENDMENT||SUBJECT OF THE AMENDMENTS|
|1990 SOLAS||New standards on residual damage stability applicable for vessels built on or after 29 April 1990 (new vessels) in order to provide survivability following damage (Chapter II-1, Regulation 8).|
|1994 SOLAS or 1992 amendments||Most vessels built before 29 April 1990 (existing ships) to comply with the 1990 SOLAS, in accordance with a phase-in schedule from 1994 to 2005, depending on a vessel's survivability characteristics.|
|1995 SOLAS||All existing vessels to comply with the 1990 SOLAS, in accordance with a phase-in schedule from 1998 to 2005, depending on a vessel's survivability characteristics (Chapter II-1, Regulation 8-1).
Vessels carrying 400 persons or more must comply with the 1990 SOLAS, as a two-compartment subdivision vessel, if:
built on or after 01 July 1997; or
built before 01 July 1997, in accordance with a phase-in schedule from 1998 to 2010, depending on the vessel's survivability characteristics, number of persons carried, and vessel's age (Chapter II-1, Regulation 8-2).
|AIS||automated identification system|
|BC Ferries||British Columbia Ferry Services Inc.|
|BCFMWU||BC Ferry & Marine Workers' Union|
|BRM||bridge resource management|
|CCG||Canadian Coast Guard|
|CCGS||Canadian Coast Guard ship|
|CFOA||Canadian Ferry Operators Association|
|CMCC||Canadian Mission Control Centre|
|COG||course over ground|
|DGPS||differential global positioning system|
|DSC||digital selective calling|
|ECDIS||electronic chart display and information system|
|ECS||electronic chart system|
|EPIRB||emergency position-indicating radio beacon|
|GPS||global positioning system|
|IMO||International Maritime Organization|
|ISM Code||International Safety Management Code (International Management Code for the Safe Operation of Ships and for Pollution Prevention)|
|JRCC||Joint Rescue Coordination Centre|
|MCTS||Marine Communications and Traffic Services|
|MED||Marine Emergency Duties|
|MSA||Marine Safety Advisory|
|OOW||officer of the watch|
|ROV||remote operating vehicle|
|SAR||search and rescue|
|SEN||Simulated Electronic Navigation|
|SI||Ship Inspection Notice|
|SIC||Ship Inspection Certificate|
|SMS||Safety Management System|
|SOLAS Convention||International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea|
|SSB||Ship Safety Bulletin|
|STCW Convention||International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, as amended in 1995|
|S-VDR||simplified voyage data recorder|
|TSB||Transportation Safety Board of Canada|
|VDR||voyage data recorder|
|VHF||very high frequency|
|VISORS||Voluntary Individual Safety Observation Reporting System|
|XTE||cross-track error (alarm)|
1. See Glossary at Appendix D for all abbreviations and acronyms.
7. While on standby, a vessel is hand-steered, and both watch officers are required on the bridge with the engineering watch officers stationed in the engine control room. Both steering pumps are also activated.
9. Commercial vessels of 20 m or more in length or private yachts of 30 m or more, operating inside of the Prince Rupert vessel traffic services system, and required to report to Marine Communications and Traffic Services (MCTS).
10. ECS is a navigation information system that electronically displays vessel position and relevant nautical chart data and information from an ECS database on a display screen, but does not meet all the IMO requirements for electronic chart display and information system (ECDIS) and is not intended to satisfy the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS Convention) Chapter V requirements to carry a navigational chart. ECDIS refers to a navigation information system that, with adequate backup arrangements, can be accepted as complying with the up-to-date chart required by regulations V/19 and V/27 of the 1974 SOLAS Convention.
14. Boat and liferaft stations were on Deck 7 (see Figure 1).
18. Although crew members were not familiar with the need to prevent re-entry to the vessel interior, this procedure was documented in the 1998 emergency operating procedures. Note also that, for this report, the terms "evacuation" and "abandonment" are used interchangeably.
19. At 0158, the C/O of the Queen of the North informed Prince Rupert Coast Guard Radio using a hand-held VHF radio that there had been 102 persons on board. At 0833, BC Ferries reported to JRCC Victoria that an examination of the lists indicated only 99 persons on board (42 crew members and 57 passengers).
28. An imaginary line used in making calculations regarding hull flooding, the margin line is drawn at least 76 mm below the upper surface of the bulkhead deck, which in this case is the vessel's main car deck.
33. Raster charts are produced by converting paper charts to digital image by scanner; the resulting image is similar to a digital camera photograph. Vector charts are digitally created and may contain information additional to that available on a paper chart, such as sailing directions.
35. VDRs are also required on certain passenger vessels constructed before July 2002 and certain ships other than passenger ships constructed on or after July 2002. In addition, cargo ships constructed before July 2002 are subject to a phased-in requirement beginning in 2006 and ending in 2010.
40. The new damage stability requirements of the SOLAS Convention were brought forward following the Herald of Free Enterprise and Estonia disasters, which happened in March 1987 and September 1994, respectively.
44. The intent is to phase in the updated standards over a five-year period, depending on the area of operation, the age, and a vessel's size. Typically, newer vessels will have a longer phase-in period.
51. Canada Shipping Act, Crewing Regulations, Section 40. Note that these regulations were repealed on 01 July 2007. Similar provisions may be found in Section 216 of the new Marine Personnel Regulations of the Canada Shipping Act, 2001.
57. This is an independent examination conducted by the government of the state whose flag the ship is entitled to fly, or an organization recognized by the government of the state-such as a ship classification society - to determine whether the company continues to operate its SMS in accordance with the requirements of the ISM Code. The BC Ferries SMS is audited by the classification society of Lloyd's Register.
58. These include a muster list with assigned crew responsibilities, emergency response instructions in Fleet Regulations, lifesaving equipment plan, vessel-specific manual, crew familiarization booklet, and the emergency operation procedures.
62. Australian Transportation Safety Board, Accidents and Incidents Involving Alcohol and Drugs in Australian Civil Aviation, 01 January 1975 to 31 March 2006, Aviation Safety Research and Analysis Report: B2006/0169.
63. A.M. Smiley, "Marijuana: on Road and Driving Simulator Studies," H. Kalant, W. Corrigal, W. Hall, R. Smart (eds.), The Health Effects of Cannabis, Toronto: Addiction Research Foundation, 1999, pp. 173-191.
64. Australian Transportation Safety Board, Accidents and Incidents Involving Alcohol and Drugs in Australian Civil Aviation, 01 January 1975 to 31 March 2006, Aviation Safety Research and Analysis Report: B2006/0169.
65. A.M. Smiley, "Marijuana: on Road and Driving Simulator Studies," H. Kalant, W. Corrigal, W. Hall, R. Smart (eds.), The Health Effects of Cannabis, Toronto: Addiction Research Foundation, 1999, pp. 173-191.
68. A.M. Smiley, "Marijuana: on Road and Driving Simulator Studies," H. Kalant, W. Corrigal, W. Hall, R. Smart (eds.), The Health Effects of Cannabis, Toronto: Addiction Research Foundation, 1999, pp. 173-191.
79. TSB Marine Investigation Report M03N0050.
84. TSB Marine Investigation Report M03N0050.
86. TSB Marine Investigation Report M03N0050.
87. Canada Shipping Act, Life Saving Equipment Regulations, Part III, Operational Requirements and Equipment Standards, Evacuation Procedures.
92. TSB Marine Investigation Report M02W0061.
93. TSB Marine Investigation Report M03W0073.
96. TSB Marine Investigation Report M03N0050.
102. The SAREX 2006 "Ship-to-Shore" exercise was held on 15 October 2006 to evaluate inter-agency response to a major marine disaster on the British Columbia coast. The exercise included the evacuation of 200 volunteers from the BC Ferries vessel Queen of Nanaimo. The exercise was designed to improve inter-agency communications and operations during a large-scale emergency operation.
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